Campus Stormwater Management
UPPS No. 04.05.16
Issue No. 1
Effective Date: 10/15/2015
Next Review Date: 4/01/2019 (E4Y)
Sr. Reviewer: Director, Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management
Texas State University is a public agency designated as a regulated entity under the Phase II Municipal Separate Storm Sewer System (MS4) General Permit TXR040000. This permit authorizes stormwater discharge directly to surface water in the state with monitoring requirements and other conditions set forth in this general permit. It applies to the campus boundaries located within urbanized areas. This policy satisfies the General MS4 Authority requirement of the Stormwater Management Program (SWMP).
The MS4 General Permit is administered through the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ). The program is delegated under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in accordance with statutory provisions of Section 402§(3)(B) of the Clean Water Act. The university will comply with all federal and state requirements under this permit.
Best Management Practices (BMPs) - schedules of activities, prohibitions of practices, maintenance procedures, structural controls, and other management practices to prevent or reduce the discharge of pollutants. BMPs also include treatment requirements, operating procedures, and practices to control runoff; spills or leaks; waste disposal; or drainage from raw material storage areas.
Construction Activity - soil disturbance, including clearing, grading, and excavating, not including routine maintenance, that is performed to maintain the original line and grade, hydraulic capacity, or original purpose of the site (e.g. the routine grading of existing dirt roads, asphalt overlays of existing roads, the routine clearing of existing right-of-ways, and similar maintenance activities). Regulated construction activity is defined in terms of small and large construction activity.
Control Measure - any BMP or other method used to prevent or reduce the discharge of pollutants to waters in the state.
Conveyance - curbs, gutters, man-made channels and ditches, drains, pipes, and other constructed features designed or used for flood control or to transport stormwater runoff.
Hyper-chlorinated Water - water resulting from hyper-chlorination of waterlines or vessels with a chlorine concentration greater than 10 milligrams per liter (mg/L).
Illicit Connection - any man-made conveyance connecting an illicit discharge directly to a municipal separate storm sewer.
Illicit Discharge - any discharge to a municipal separate storm sewer that is not entirely composed of stormwater. These may include, but are not limited to, chemicals or petroleum hydrocarbons, food waste from compactors or dumpsters, cleaning solutions, street wash down containing spilled chemicals, container washout (paint or pesticide), utility pipe cleaning solutions, high temperature water, concrete washout water, or sewage.
Large Construction Activity - construction activities including clearing, grading, or excavating that result in land disturbances equal to or greater than five acres of land. Large construction activities also include the disturbance of less than five acres of total land area that is part of a common plan of development or sale if the larger common plan will ultimately disturb greater than five acres of land. Large construction activities do not include routine maintenance that is performed to maintain the original line and grade, hydraulic capacity, or original purpose of the site, for example, the routine grading of existing dirt roads, asphalt overlays of existing roads, the routine clearing of existing right-of-ways, and similar maintenance activities.
Municipal Separate Storm Sewer System (MS4) - a publicly-owned or operated stormwater drainage system that is designed to collect or convey stormwater and includes, but is not limited to, storm drains, pipes, ditches, or gutters.
Noncompliance Issue - a discharge of a pollutant to the MS4 through an illicit discharge, illicit construction runoff, or both, or the failure to maintain or install a BMP, which may result in the imminent discharge of a pollutant to the MS4.
Pollutant - In accordance with the Texas Water Code § 26.001(13), a pollutant includes the following: dredged soil, solid waste, incinerator residue, sewage, garbage, sewage sludge, filter backwash, munitions, chemical wastes, biological materials, radioactive materials, heat, wrecked or discarded equipment, rock, sand, cellar dirt, and industrial, municipal, or agricultural waste discharged to waters in the state.
Post-Construction BMPs - engineered structures or features to treat stormwater runoff from a developed site following construction. These may include detention ponds, in-ground treatment units, low-impact development (LID) features, cisterns, or swales.
Qualified Personnel - persons with credible certifications, training, or skills, such as a Certified Erosion, Sedimentation, and Storm Water inspector (CESSWI) or a Certified inspector of Sediment and Erosion Control (CISEC). Other equivalent certifications which demonstrate proficiency in evaluating, interpreting, and implementing BMPs and elements of the Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan (SWPPP) may be approved by the MS4 operator.
Responsible Department - a department identified in the SWMP as a responsible party or key personnel and having the potential to eliminate or minimize the discharge of pollutants to the MS4 through the use of appropriate BMPs and oversight of contracting services to that department.
Small Construction Activity - construction activities including clearing, grading, or excavating that result in land disturbances of equal to or greater than one acre and less than five acres of land. Small construction activities also include the disturbance of less than one acre of total land area that is part of a common plan of development or sale if the larger common plan will ultimately disturb greater than one acre and less than five acres of land. Small construction activities do not include routine maintenance that is performed to maintain the original line and grade, hydraulic capacity, or original purpose of the site (e.g., the routine grading of existing dirt roads, asphalt overlays of existing roads, the routine clearing of existing right-of-ways, and similar maintenance activities).
Stormwater - precipitation such as rain or snow that does not infiltrate into the ground surface.
Stormwater Management Program (SWMP) - a comprehensive program to manage the quality of discharges from the MS4.
Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan (SWPPP) - a plan developed for construction sites greater than one acre in size prior to site disturbing activities. Required by Construction General Permit TXR150000. All SWPPPs will be prepared by a person with credible certifications or skills, such as a Certified Professional in Erosion and Sediment Control (CPESC), a professional engineer registered in the state of Texas and having competence in this area, or other registered professional with competence in this area.
Texas Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (TPDES) - the state program issuing, amending, terminating, monitoring, and enforcing stormwater and other types of discharge permits.
Urbanized Area (UA) - an area of high population density that may include multiple small MS4s as defined and used by the U.S. Census Bureau in the 2000 and the 2010 Decennial Census.
Illicit Discharge Prohibition
Illicit discharges to the MS4, or to soil or water are prohibited.
Emergency response to accidental spills of oil or hazardous waste chemicals will follow procedures in the university’s Spill Prevention Control and Countermeasures Plan (SPCC) and Hazardous Materials and Hazardous Waste Management Plan (found in UPPS No. 04.05.15, Public Safety and Health).
Illicit discharges will be stopped immediately upon detection.
Allowable non-stormwater discharges to the MS4 are listed in the SWMP.
Erosion Control From Construction Sites
All new construction and redevelopment of existing sites will use erosion control BMPs to minimize soil loss from the site. The director of Facilities Planning, Design, and Construction (FPDC) or other responsible department’s qualified personnel has the primary responsibility to inspect these controls and confirm that they are maintained by the contractor per the construction documents. Qualified personnel in the Environmental Health, Safety and Risk Management office (EHS&RM) have the primary responsibility to inspect for compliance with the MS4 General Permit.
For sites that are greater than one acre in size, the contractor will follow the TPDES Construction General Permit TXR150000. The university and Construction General Permit startup requirements for construction sites are in the University Construction Plan referenced by the Construction Standards.
Illicit discharges from construction sites will be stopped immediately upon detection.
Erosion control BMPs (e.g., silt fence, filter logs, inlet protection, or stabilized entrances) must be maintained per TXR150000 and the university MS4 General Permit.
The director of FPDC or other responsible department or a designee will promptly notify the contractor to correct a deficiency or conduct the maintenance necessary to comply with the university’s MS4 General Permit. The university will maintain compliance with TPDES Construction General Permit TXR150000, the TPDES MS4 General Permit TXR040000, EPA requirements and all applicable surface water quality standards.
Post Construction Best Management Practices
Post construction stormwater management BMPs will be inspected and maintained on a routine basis to ensure effective performance.
Post construction BMPs will be installed and maintained on new development and redevelopment to protect water quality.
Detailed as-built drawings and operation and maintenance plans (if applicable) for all post development BMPs will be provided per the contract documents.
VIOLATIONS AND NONCOMPLIANCE
Notice of Violation - A Notice of Violation shall be sent to the persons responsible for the illicit discharge or noncompliance issue, will describe the location, and specify a timeframe to correct the issue.
Correction of Violation - If the timeframe in the Notice of Violation is not met, the EHS&RM, FPDC or other responsible department is authorized to stop the illicit discharge activity or take other appropriate and immediate actions to correct the noncompliance issues.
EHS&RM is responsible for implementing the requirements of the MS4 General Permit for the university. These requirements are included in the university’s SWMP approved by the TCEQ. The director of EHS&RM, or a designee, is authorized to take action to assure compliance with applicable regulations and policies to minimize improper stormwater discharge from university property in accordance with the provisions of the MS4 General Permit.
EHS&RM is responsible for overseeing compliance with the permit requirements and submitting annual reports to TCEQ. These TCEQ- approved SWMP actions are enforceable if not completed within the 5-year permit cycle.
EHS&RM has primary responsibility for implementing the SWMP, conducting inspections, training, education, outreach, and filing the annual report.
The Utilities Operations Department has the responsibility to operate and maintain the MS4 and BMPs on campus.
FPDC has the responsibility of attending construction-specific training, coordinating documentation with EHS&RM, and overseeing contractor compliance with all applicable provisions of the MS4 General Permit and Construction General Permit which include requirements for erosion control and illicit discharge control, to include the work to determine that the SWPPP was prepared by a person with credible certifications or skills.
All responsible departments have the responsibility of attending stormwater training, following up with corrective action on inspections, and reporting illicit discharges and other stormwater runoff issues.
REVIEWERS OF THIS UPPS
Reviewers of this UPPS include the following:
Position Date Director, Environmental Health, Safety & Risk Management April 1 E4Y Associate Vice President for Facilities April 1 E4Y
This UPPS has been approved by the following individuals in their official capacities and represents Texas State policy and procedure from the date of this document until superseded.
Director, Environmental Health, Safety & Risk Management; senior reviewer of this UPPS
Vice President for Finance and Support Services